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Topic: Chemistry MCQs 2nd year 2nd Year Chemistry Notes  (Read 10313 times)
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« Reply #3 on: July 15, 2010, 05:07:40 AM »

Chapter 8

Alkyl Halides

1. Monohalo derivatives of alkanes are called __________.

(Acyl halides, Aryl Halides, Alkyl Halides, none of these)

2. The general formula of alkyl halides is __________.

(CnH2n+1 X, CnHn+1 X, C2nH2n+1 X, none of these)

3. When an alkene is treated with halogen acids, __________ is formed.

(Alkyl halide, Acyl halide, Carbonyl chloride, all of these)

4. Formula of Thionyl Chloride is __________.

(SOCl2, ZnCl2, CH3Cl, none of these)

5. If ethane is treated with HBr then __________.

(Ethyl bromide is formed, Methyl bromide is formed, Bromine is evolved, Hydrogen is obtained)

6. When metallic sodium in ether is heated with an alkyl halide, a higher alkane is formed. It is called __________.

(Sulphonation, Wurtz’s Reaction, Friedel-Crafts Reaction, none of these)

7. If sodium lead alloy is treated with methyl chloride then __________.

(Tetra ethyl lead is formed, Tetra methyl lead is formed, Tri methyl lead is formed, Di methyl lead is formed)

8. Dehydrohalogenation of alkyl halide is carried in the presence of alcoholic __________.

(NaOH, KOH, Ca(OH)2, none of these)

9. Grignard’s reagent when reacts with ammonia then __________.

(Methane is formed, Ethane is formed, Nitrogen is evolved, Magnesium is separated)

10. Grignard’s reagent reacts with alkyl halide to form __________.

(Alkanes, Alkynes, Alkenes, Alcohols)

11. Grignard’s reagents are __________.

(Alkyl halide, Alkyl magnesium halide, Alkyl sodium halide, none of these)

12. On passing CO2 through Grignard reagent __________ is formed.

(Methanoic acid, Ethanoic acid, Propanoic acid, No reaction occurs)

13. Alkyl halides (methyl chloride or ethyl chloride) when treated with __________, react to produce the important anti-knock gasoline additives.

(Sodium, Lead, Sodium-lead Alloy, none of these)

14. On adding formaldehyde to Grignard’s reagent __________ is formed.

(Primary alcohol, Secondary alcohol, Aldehyde, Acetone)

15. Action of zinc with alkyl halide in the presence of an inert solvent forms a corresponding higher alkane. This is called __________.

(Wurtz’s Reaction, Frankland Reaction, Hoffman’s Reaction, none of these)

16. The hydrolysis of alkyl halides by heating with aqueous alkali is a __________ substitution reaction.

(Electrophilic, Nucleophilic, Electrophile and Nucleophile, none of these)

17. __________ of the following compounds does not react with bromine.

(Ethylamine, Propene, Phenol, Chloroform)

18. A reaction in which an atom or group of atoms replaces an atom or group of atoms already present in the molecule of a substance is called __________.

(Nitration, Halogenation, Substitution, Sulphonation)

19. __________ is a Neucliphile.

(OH-, CN-, NH3, all of these)

20. General formula of Grignard’s reagent is __________.

(R – Mg – X, R – Al – X, R – Na – X, R – Cl – X)

21. __________ is prepared by heating methyl iodide with fresh magnesium turnings in anhydrous ether.

(Grignard’s reagent, Mustard gas, Benzene, none of these)

22. When Grignard’s reagent is hydrolyzed with water, it is converted into __________.

(Alkynes, Alkenes, Alkanes, Acetons)

23. __________ of the following alkyl halides is used as a methylating agent.

(C2H5Cl, C2H5Br, C2H5I, CH3I)

24. Ethyl chloride reacts with alcoholic KOH to give __________.

(C2H5OH, C2H6, C2H2, C2H4)

25. Dry carbon dioxide is passed through Grignard’s Reagent in the presence of __________ as a solvent.

(Acetone, Benzene, Ether, none of these)

26. Grignard’s reagent reacts with CO2 to form __________.

(HCl, Carboxylic acid, Acetic acid, Carbonic acid)

27. Grignard’s reagent reacts with acetaldehyde to form __________.

(Primary alcohol, Secondary alcohol, Tertiary alcohol, all of these)

28. Alkyl halides reacts with Zn to form __________.

(Alkynes, Alkanes, Alkenes, none of these)

Chapter 9

Organic Compounds

1. The action of nitrous acid on ethyl amine gives __________.

(Ethane, Ammonia, Ethyl alcohol, Nitroethane)

2. Isopropyl alcohol on oxidation gives __________.

(Ether, Acetone, Ethylene, Acetaldehyde)

3. Rectified spirit contains __________ % alcohol.

(95.6, 75.0, 100.0, 85.4)

4. __________ is the end product in the process of fermentation.

(Methyl alcohol, Ethanol, CH3OH, Ethylene)

5. __________ is not the characteristic of the alcohols.

(Their boiling points rise fairly uniformly with a rise in molecular weight, Lower members have a pleasant smell but burning taste and the higher ones are odourless and tasteless, these are lighter than water, Lower members are soluble in water and organic solvents but solubility decreases with increase in molecular weight)

6. In the dehydration of ethyl alcohol to ethylene with concentrated sulphuric acid __________.

(Carbonium ions are involved, carbonium are evolved, sulphuric acid acts as an electrophile, none of these)

7. A compound is an/a __________ if the “R-” group is derived from aliphatic or alicyclic hydrocarbons.

(Ether, Ketone, Alcohol, Phenol)

8. A compound which has –OH group attached to an aromatic hydrocarbon is called __________.

(Alcohol, Phenol, Ether, none of these)

9. A product formed by the reaction of sodium with ethanol is __________.

(H2O, NaOH, NaH, H2)

10. An alcohol, which contains on –OH group is called __________.

(Monohydric, Dihydric, Trihydric, none of these)

11. An alcohol, which contains on –OH group is called __________.

(Monohydric, Dihydric, Trihydric, none of these)

12. Primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols may be distinguished by using __________.

(Fehling’s solution, Victor Meyer test, Hofmann set, Beilstein test)

13. The number of structural isomers for C4H9OH is __________.

(3, 4, 5, 6)

14. In cold countries glycerol is added to water in car radiators as it helps to __________.

(bring down the specific heat of water, lower the freezing point, reduce the viscosity, make water a better lubricant)

15. Aldehydes and Ketons are commonly referred to as __________.

(Ethers, Carbonyl compounds, phenols, none of these)

16. Aldehyde may be distinguished from ketons by the use of __________.

(Concentrated Sulphyric acid, Grignard’s Reagent, Pyrogallol, Fehlings solution)

17. In aldehydes one bond of carbonyl group is always attached to __________.

(Carbon atom, Hydrogen atom, Nitrogen atom, none of these)

18. An aldehyde on oxidation gives __________.

(an alcohol, a ketone, an acid, an amine)

19. Acid anhydrides are calls of carboxylic acid derivatives, which may be formed by the elimation of __________.

(Carbon, Hydrogen, Water, none of these)

20. Formaline is an aqueous solution of __________.

(Formic acid, Formaldehyde, Flurescein, Furfuraldehyde)

21. Methyl alcohol is known commercially as __________.

(Wood-spirit, Wood Naphtha, Mustard gas, both Wood spirit and Wood- Naphtha)

22. __________ discovered Methyl alcohol.

(Boyle, Salvay, Jabber Bin Hayyan, none of these)

23. When wood is heated with an insufficient supply of air, organic materials are driven off as gases, and the cellulose is decomposed to almost pure carbon is called __________.

(Coal, Charcoal, Oil gas, Natural gas)

24. Now a days a large quantity of methyl alcohol is obtained by passing __________ over heated zinc and chromium oxides at 400 - 450°C under 200 atmospheric pressure.

(Natural gas, Water gas, Ethylene, none of these)

25. Methyl alcohol can cause __________.

(Cancer, Blindness, Aneimia, none of these)

26. The reaction of alcohol with thionyl chloride (SOCl2) in the presence of solvent called __________.

(Pyridine yields, Adenine yields, Guanine yields, none of these)

27. Ethyl alcohol often called __________.

(Alcohol, Spirit, Ether, Lacquer)

28. Ethyl alcohol is also called __________.

(Methyalted spirit, Spirit of wine, Wood spirit, none of these)

29. __________ is also present in the urine of diabetic patients.

(Spirit of wine, Wood spirit, Methane, none of these)

30. In 1808, __________ discovered ethyl alcohol in urine of diabetic patients.

(Boyl, Suassure, Mendleeve, none of these)

31. Ethyl alcohol is produced on commercial scale by the biological break down of __________,

(Starch, Minerals, Cellulase, None of these)

32. The 14 enzymes present in the living cells of the yeast are collectively called __________.

(Substrate, Zymase, Amylase, none of these)

33. The force of attraction of the electrons of one atom for the protons of another atom in close proximity is called __________.

(Ionic bond, Hydrogen bond, Covalent bond, all of these)

34. __________ of the following compounds can form a hydrogen bond.

(CH4, H2O, NaCl, CHCl3)

35. When two ice cubes are pressed over each other, they unite to form one cube. __________ of the following forces is responsible to hold them together.

(Hydrogen bond formation, Vander Waal’s forces, Covalent bond, Dopole Interaction)

36. CH3OH and C2H5OH are highly miscible with water because they exhbits __________.

(Ionic bonding, Covalent bonding, Hydrogen bonding, none of these)

37. Alcohols may be converted to the corresponding __________ by actions of halogen acids in the presence of ZnCl2.

(Aldehydes, Alkyl halides, acyl halides, none of these)

38. Compounds obtained by the elimination of a molecule of water between an alcohol and hydroxyl group of the acid are called __________.

(Ethers, Esters, Ketons, Phenols)

39. During the dehydration of alcohols, relatively high temperature and moderate alcohol concentration yield the corresponding __________.

(Ether, Olefin, Paraffin, none of these)

40. Ethyl alcohol may be identified by the __________.

(Bayer’s Test, Flame Test, Idoform Test, Chloroform Test)

41. Industrially, formaldehyde is made from methyl alcohol by __________.

(Dehydrogenation, Dehydrohalogenation, Oxidation, Reduction)

42. Dry distillation of calcium formate yields __________.

(Ether, formaldehyde, Acetic acid, none of these)

43. An aldehyde is converted to carboxylic acid on __________ with K2Cr2O7 and H2SO4.

(Reduction, Oxidation, Dehydrogenation, all of these)

44. When aldehydes are warmed with __________, red precipitates of cuprous oxide are precipitated.

(Grignard’s Reagent, Fehlings solution, KMnO4, none of these)

45. Aldehydes can be distinguished from Ketons by using __________.

(Schiff’s reagent, Concentrated sulphruric acid, Anhydrous Zinc chloride, Resorcinol)

46. In ketons the two bonds of the carbonyl are attached to two __________.

(alkyl group, aryl group, hydrogen group, alkyl group and aryl group)

47. Formation of acetaldehyde from ethanol is called __________.

(Addition, Reduction, Oxidation, Substitution)

48. Aldehydes can be distinguished from ketons by __________.

(AgNO3, CH3COOH, conc. H2SO4, Fehlings solution)

49. Acetaldehyde reacts with __________.

(nucleophiles only, electrophiles only, free radicals only, both with nucleophiles and electrophiles)

50. When aldehydes are warmed with a ammonical solution of silver nitrate, they precipitated metallic silver which often form a mirror. This reaction is called __________.

(Tollen’s Test, Fehlings Test, Idoform Test, none of these)

51. Acetaldehyde reacts with ammonia to form __________.

(Condensation products, substitution products, addition product, resin like product)

52. __________ prepared the first synthetic plastic, by combing formaldehyde with phenol under heat and pressure.

(Newlands, Blackeland, Russel, Charles)

53. __________ is used medically as a urinary antiseptic.

(Formaldehyde, Benzene, Sulphuric acid, Methanamine)

54. Aldol condensation can occur between __________.

(an aldehyde and ketone, an aldehyde and ester, an aldehyde and benzene, none of these)

55. Aldol condensation between __________ of the following compounds, followed by dehydration gives methyl vinyl ketone.

(HCHO and CH3COCH3, HCHO and CH3CHO, Two molecules of CH3CHO, Two molecules of CH3COCH3)

56. Aldol condensation can occur between __________.

(two aldehydes (identical or different), an aldehyde and ester, an aldehyde and benzene, none of these)

57. Aldol condensation can occur between __________.

(two aldehydes and phenols, two ketons(identical or different), an aldehyde and benzene, none of these)

58. A nucleophilic addition of carbonion, generated by the loss of proton from a-position of an aldehyde or a ketone by a base, to the carbonyl group, is called __________.

(Nitration, Aldol Condensation, Esterification, none of these)

59. The aldehydes having no hydrogen attached to a-carbon atom when treated with concentrated solution of an alkali, undergo self-oxidation and reduction, forming a mixture of an alcohol and a salt of corresponding carboxylic acid. The reaction is known as __________.

(Fehlings reaction, Cannizzaro reaction, Formalin reaction, none of these)

60. An aqueous solution containing about 40% of formaldehyde and a little alcohol is sold under the name of __________.

(Formalin, Malt-sugar, Pyridine, Starch)

61. Gelatine, a substance readily soluble in water, becomes insoluble when it is treated with __________.

(Formalin, Malt sugar, Benzene, Resins)

62. __________ is used as preservative for biological specimens.

(Benzene, Ketone, Alcohol, Formaline)

63. Alive polio virus in the culture fluid is made harmless by addition of __________ in the processing of anti-virus vaccine.

(Benzene, Acetic acid, formaldehyde, Carboxylic acid)

64. Acetic acid is manufactured from the brown aqueous distillate known as __________ which is obtained by the destructive distillation of wood and contains a mixture of acetic acid, acetone and methyl alcohol.

(Formalin, Pyroligenous acid, Pyridine, Acetylene)

65. The most general method of preparing __________ is by oxidation of corresponding aldehydes or primary alcohols.

(Phenols, Carboxylic acids, ketones, none of these)

66. The chemical properties of the carboxylic acids depend chiefly on the __________.

(Hydroxyl group, Carbonyl group, Methyl group, none of these)

67. __________ is used for coagulating rubber and latex and curing fish as well.

(Alcohol, Acetic acid, Wood spirit, none of these)

68. Ethyl acetate is an example of a important class of substance known as __________.

(Ketones, Esters, Alcohols, none of these)

69. Ethyl acetate (an ester) can be prepared by the action of __________ on carboxylic acid, in the presence of acidic media.

(Phenols, Formalin, Pyradine, Alcohol)

70. Molecular hydrogen in presence of suitable catalysts reduces carbonyl compounds to __________.

(aCetones, Ethers, Esters, Alcohols)

71. __________ is used as a nail-polish remover.

(acetone, Benzene, Idoform, none of these)

72. Acetone may be converted into propane by heating with __________.

(conc HCl and 24/Hg, Mg + H2O, conc HI and red P, Zn/Cu couple and ethanol)

73. __________ is the solvent used in the preparation of Grignard’s reagent and in Wurtz reaction.

(Ethers, Phenoles, Ketons, Alcohols)

74. The hydroxyl group derivatives of aromatic hydrocarbons, which have the –OH group directly bonded to the ring carbon atoms are called __________.

(Esters, Acetons, Alcohols, Phenols)

75. Carbolic acid is prepard from __________.

(Dow’s Process, Down’s Process, Nelson’s Process, none of these)

76. Phenol is colourless, poisonous __________.

(Liquid, Gas, Solid, none of these)

77. Above __________ °C phenol is miscible with water in all proportions, but below this temperature, it is only partially miscible.

(78.5, 68.5, 58.5, none of these)

78. Phenol is reduced to __________ when its vapours are passed over red hot zinc dust or distilled in the presence of zinc dust.

(Alcohol, Benzene, acetone, none of these)

79. Action of zinc with alkyl halide in the presence of an inert solvent forms a corresponding higher alkane. This is called __________.

(Wurtz’s reaction, Frankland’s reaction, Hoffman’s reaction, none of these)

80. The hydrolysis of alkyl halides by heating with aqueous alkali is a __________ substitution reaction.

(Electricphilic, Nucleophilic, Electrophilic and Nucleophilic, none of these)

81. __________ is prepared by heating methyl iodide with fresh magnesium turnings in anhydrous ether.

(Grignard’s reagent, Mustards gas, Benzene, none of these)

82. Dry carbon dioxide is passed through Grignard’s reagent in the presence of __________.

(Acetone as a solvent, Benzene as a solvent, Ether as a solvent, none of these)
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« Reply #4 on: July 15, 2010, 05:08:06 AM »

Chapter 10

Chemistry of Life

1. Starch is a polymer of __________.

(Glucose, Fructose, Lactose, Maltose)

2. A material cannot be termed as food unless it contains at least one __________.

(Vitamine, Mineral, Nutrient, Amino acid)

3. On heating glucose with Fehling’s solution we get a precipitate of colour __________.

(Yellow, Red, Black, Green)

4. It is the best to carry out reactions with sugars in neutral or acid medium and not in alkaline medium. This is because in alkaline medium sugars undergo __________ of the following changes.

(Racemisation, Decomposition, Inversion, Rearrangement)

5. __________ food component regulates body processes.

(Minerals, Fats, Proteins, Carbohydrates)

6. The process by which large non-diffusuble organic molecules are converted into smaller diffusible molecules is known as __________.

(Ingestion, Fermentation, Decomposition, Digestion)

7. The solution of sugar in water contains __________.

(Free atoms, Free ions, Free molecules, Free atoms, and free molecules)

8. During digestion carbohydrates are broken down to __________.

(Glucose, Amino acids, Fatty acids, None of these)

9. During digestion proteins are broken down to __________.

(Glucose, Amino acids, Fatty acids, none of these)

10. __________ of the following gives a deep blue colour with a drop of dilute solution of iodine.

(Cellulose, Glucose, Starch, Sugar)

11. During digestion fats are broken down to __________.

(Glucose, Amino acids, Fatty acids, none of these)

12. The use of the products of digestion in synthesis of cellular structure is known as __________.

(Metabolism, Assimilation, Homeostasis, None of the above)

13. The percentage of glucose in human blood is __________.

(0.1, 0.2, 9.3, 0.4)

14. Carbohydrates supply about __________ of energy per gram.

(4 kcal, 2 kcal, 2 kcal, 1 kcal)

15. The main source of cellulose is __________.

(cotton, wood, both cotton and wood, none of these)

16. Fats provide about __________ of energy per gram.

(4kcal, 2 kcal, 9kcal, 5kcal)

17. Of the following, __________ is a high-energy food.

(Proteins, Fats, Carbohydrates, none of these)

18. Glucose and fructose are __________.

(Geometrical Isomers, Metamers, Optical Isomers, none of these)

19. __________ isomers of glucose are known.

(4, 8, 16, 32)

20. The digestion of carbohydrates begins with the mastication in the mouth, where enzyme __________ of the saliva hydrolyses some of the starch to maltose.

(Ptyalin, Amylase)

21. Human body tissue contains __________% carbohydrates.

(1, 2, 3, 4)

22. Carbohydrates are ultimately converted into glucose and other simpler products in the __________.

(Mouth, Stomach, Small intestine, Large intestine)

23. The use of products of digestion in synthesis of cellular structures is called __________.

(Assimilation, Metabolism, Excretion, Digestion)

24. The products of oxidation of glucose are __________.

(Carbon dioxide and water, Oxygen and Hydrogen, Carbon dioxide and hydrogen, none of these)

25. Glucose is termed as __________.

(Single nutrient food, double nutrient food, multi nutrient food, none of these)

26. Deficiency of all nutrients leads to __________.

(Nutrition, Malnutrition, Under Nutrition, none of these)

27. The recommended daily intake of protein per kilogram of the body weight is __________.

(0.8 gm, 0.9 gm, 0.6 gm, 1.0 gm)

28. Lipids and Proteins are made of __________.

(Macromolecule, Micromolecule, Microatom, None of these)

29. The digestion of proteins begins in the __________.

(Mouth, Stomach, Small intestine, Large intestine)

30. The enzyme __________ of gastric juice, catalyses the hydrolysis of peptide linkage in protein molecules.

(Renin, Trypsin, Pepsin, Amylase)

31. In the mouth of some of the starch is hydrolyzed to maltose by the action of enzyme __________.

(Ptylin, Lipase, Renin, Amylase)

32. In the body dietary proteins are the source of __________,

(Amino acids, Fatty acids, Lipids, none of these)

33. A large class of compounds that are polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones, or substances that yield such compounds upon acid hydrolysis are called __________.

(Fats, Carbohydrates, Proteins, vitamins)

34. Plants are able to synthesis their own carbohydrates from CO2 of the air and water taken from the soil in the presence of sunlight and chlorophyll. This process is called __________.

(Nutrition, Assimilation, Photosynthesis, Homeostasis)

35. Human diet consist of 60 – 65% by mass of the average diet on __________.

(Fats, Carbohydrates, Proteins, vitamins)

36. Carbohydrates, which have three to nine carbon atoms and are not hydrolysable are called __________.

(Monosacchrides, Ddi-saccharides, Poly-saccharides, None of these)

37. The carbohydrates, which have three to nine carbon atoms and are not hydrolysable are called __________.

((Monosacchrides, Ddi-saccharides, Poly-saccharides, None of these)

38. The balanced diet contains amount __________ per day.

(60 gm, 70 gm, 80 gm, 90 gm)

39. Glucose is __________.

(a monosacchride carbohydrate, a di-saccharide carbohydrate, a poly-saccharide carbohydrate, none of these)

40. A class of carbohydrates which are formed by the condensation of two or more monosaccharide units with the loss of water molecules are called __________.

(Disaccharides, Poly saccharides, Pentoses, none of these)

41. Sucrose is an example of __________.

(a monosacchride carbohydrate, a di-saccharide carbohydrate, a poly-saccharide carbohydrate, none of these)

42. On hydrolysis __________ is broken down into two simpler sugars glucose and fructose.

(Glucose, Sucrose, Maltose, none of these)

43. Glucose is also called __________.

(Dextrose, Maltose, Fructose, Mannose)

44. Corn syrup contains __________.

(Glucose, Fructose, Mannose, Maltose)

45. Fructose occurs in many __________.

(Cereals, Fruits, Vegetables, none of these)

46. Honey is a mixture of __________.

(Glucose and Fructose, Glucose and Maltose, Fructose and Mannose, Glucose and Fructose with vitamins and minerals)

47. The carbohydrates, which contain hundreds to thousands of monosacchride units are called __________.

(Polysacchrides, Oligosaccharides, Hexoses, None of these)

48. Cellulose is an example of __________.

(Monosaccharides, Di-saccharides, Polysaccharides, None of these)

49. The main difference between starch and cellulose is the type of links between __________.

(Mannose units, Glucose units, Fructose, units, none of these)

50. Vitamin was discovered by __________.

(Casimir Funk, Blackeland, Hopkins, Elmer)

51. Vitamin A was discovered by __________.

(Elmer McCollum, Casimir funk, Hopkins, none of these)

52. Vitamin D was discovered by __________.

((Elmer McCollum, Casimir funk, Hopkins, none of these)

53. Fat-soluble vitamins are found associated with __________ in natural foods.

(Renin, Lipids, Peptides, Maltose)

54. Fat soluble vitamins include __________.

(Vitamin A, B, C, D, Vitamin A, B, C, Vitamin A, D, E, K, Vitamin K)

55. Water-soluble vitamins include __________.

(Vitamin A, B, Vitamin A, B, C, vitamin B, C, Vitamin A, C)

56. Vitamin B1 is called __________.

(Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pyridoxine)

57. Vitamin B2 is called __________.

(Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pyridoxine)

58. Vitamin B5 is called __________.

(Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pyridoxine)

59. Vitamin B6 is called __________.

(Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pyridoxine)

60. Vitamin B12 is called __________.

(Cyanocoalamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pyridoxine)

61. Most water-soluble vitamins act as __________.

(Enzymes, Coenzymes, Coenzymes or are required for the synthesis of coenzymes, none of these))

62. People who consume too much vitamin __________, may develop bone pain, bone like deposits in the kidneys, and mental retardation.

(A, B, C, D)

63. Edible lipids constitute approximately __________ % of the diet of an average person.

(25-28, 25-30, 25-32, 25-35)

64. The most important energy storage compounds in the animal kingdom are __________.

(Peptides, Lipids, Amino acids, none of these)

65. Plants store most of the energy in the form of carbohydrates primarily as __________.

(Amino acids, Starch, Cellulose, Maltose)

66. The nutrients of our food which provide insulation for the vital organs, protecting them from electrical shocks and maintaining optimum body temperature are called __________.

(Amino acids, Steroids, Lipids, Fatty acids)

67. Lipids that contain both polar and non polar groups are integral components of __________.

(Cell wall, Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Mitochondria)

68. Steroids is an important type of __________.

(Proteins, Vitamins, Lipids, Carbohydrates)

69. The most abundant and the most important steroid in the human body is __________.

(Riboflavin, Cholestrol, Folic acid, Inositol)

70. __________ is an important precursor in the biosynthesis of sex-hormones, synthesis of adrenal hormones and vitamin D.

(Insitol, Cholestrol, Lipoic Acid, Biotin)

71. On the average, more than 50% of the total dry weight of the cells is composed of __________.

(Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Water)

72. The Dutch chemist, GJ Mulder (1883), is credited as being one of the first scientists to recognize the importance of __________.

(Vitamins, Carbohyrates, Proteins, Fats)

73. __________ organic compound is a major structural component of an animal tissue.

(Carbohydrates, Proteins, Cellulose, Lipids)

74. Hormones are made of __________.

(Proteins, Fats, Carbohydrates, Lipids)

75. Antibodies are __________.

(fats in nature, carbohydrates in nature, protein in nature, vitamins in nature)

76. Enzymes are __________.

(carbohydrates in nature, proteins in nature, fats in nature, none of these)

77. Haemoglobin is a __________.

(Protein, Carbohydrate, Fat, Mineral)

78. The primary function of proteins is __________.

(Energy supply, body building, body building and maintenance, protection of body)

79. __________ nutrients of food are stored by the body as energy reserves.

(Carbohydrates and lipids, proteins and lipids, proteins and carbohydrates, none of these)

80. for a normal adult with a constant weight, the recommended daily intake of protein is approximately __________ gram per kg of body weight.

(0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.Cool

81. 33% - 43% protein is present in __________.

(Food yeast, Soya bean, Rice, Cheese)

82. The percentage of protein in chicken food is __________%.

(28, 21, 33, 12)

83. The protein in milk is __________%.

(2, 3, 12, 19)

84. Fats are esters of glycerol and __________.

(Faty acids, Lipids, Steroids, none of these)

85. The percentage of protein in egg is __________%.

(12-18 , 12-24, 12-36, 12-48)

86. The percentage of protein in flour is __________%.

(18, 12, 6, 3)

87. The percentage of protein in fish is __________%.

(18-21, 12-18, 6-36, 3-9)

88. The percentage of protein in rice is __________%.

(6-7, 2-3, 5-11, 11-19)

89. The percentage of protein in fresh vegetables is __________%.

(5-6, 7-17, 4-7, Rarely contains 2-3)

90. Amino acids are the building blocks of __________.

(Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, Fats)

91. Proline amino acids have __________ group and –COOH group attached to the same carbon atom.

(-NH3, -NH2, -NH, -OH)

92. Amino acids are widely classified __________.

(according to the number of –NH2 group, according to the number of –COOH group, according to polarity of their side chain, all of these)

93. The first amino acid was isolated in 1806 and was given the name __________.

(Asparangine, Glycine, Renin, Maltose)

94. The major amino acid found in gelatin is __________.

(Glycine, Asparangine, Renin, none of these)

95. Esters of Glycerol and Fatty acids are called __________.

(Acids, F, Proteins, Carbohydrates)

96. Among the most important of the natural __________ are the cotton seed oil, corn oil, butter, tallow and olive oil.

(Fats, Proteins, Carbohydrates, Vitamins)

97. Unsaturated vegetable oils, such as cotton seed oil are converted into fast on __________.

(Oxidation, Dehydration, Hydrogenation, Sulphonation)

98. The hydrogenation of oils is accomplished easily by bubbling hydrogen into the oil in the presence of catalyst __________.

(Pt, Ni, Zn, ZnO)

99. Naturally occurring fatty acid nearly always have an/a __________ number of carbon atoms.

(Even, Odd, Even and odd, none of these)

100. Liquid fats are called __________.

(Fatty acids, Oils, Ketones, Lipids)

101. The degree of undaturation of a fat or oil is usually measured by the __________.

(number of carbon atoms, number of hydrogen atoms, iodine number, none of these)

102. The number of grams of iodine that will be consumed by 100 grams of fat or oil is called __________.

(Iodine complex, Iodine number, Iodoform, None of these)

103. Brain cells are made of __________.

(Proteins, Fats, Carbohydrates, Lipids)

104. Nerve tissues are made of __________.

(Fats, Proteins, Carbohydrates, Steroids)

105. Fat-soluble vitamins are obtained from __________.

(Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, lipids)

106. Vegetable oils such as peanut oil contain vitamin __________.

(A, B, C, E)

107. Milk fat, butter, cream, and fish liver oil contain vitamin __________.

(A, B, C, A and D)

108. Our balanced diet contains 70 grams per day of __________.

(Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, None of these)

109. About 35% of our daily caloric requirements are obtained from __________,

(Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Vitamins)

110. __________ is the term used to reflect the development of any disagreeable odour in the fat or oil.

(Acidity, Basicity, Rancidity, none of these)

111. Two principal chemical reactions responsible for causing rancidity are __________.

(Oxidation and Hydrogenation, Oxidation and Hydrolysis, Hydrolysis and fermentation, Oxidation and Pyrolysis)

112. The reaction of fat with a strong base such as NaOH to produce glycerol and the salt of a fatty acid is used to produce __________.

(Soap, Glucose, Vegetable oil, Gastric Juice)

113. The word enzyme has a __________.

(Greek origin, Latin origin, Roman origin, Arabic origin)

114. In living systems enzymes catalyze reactions at __________°C.

(0, 25, 100, 37)

115. The substance upon which an enzyme acts is known as its __________.

(base, substrate, nutrient, pair)

116. The amount of enzyme, which will catalyze the transformation of one micro-mole of a substrate per minute is termed as __________.

(Substrate, potency, activity, specific activity)

117. Units of enzyme per milligram of proteins are termed as __________.

(activity, potency, turn over, none of these)

118. The number of moles of substrate transformed per mole of enzyme per minute at a definite temperature is called __________.

(Potency, Turn over, Activity, none of these)

119. Enzymes are most commonly named by adding the suffix to the root of the name of the substrate __________.

(ose, ase, ane, ene)

120. Urease acts upon __________.

(Sucrose, Urea, Ammonia, Starch)

121. Sucrose is also called __________.

(invertase, Urea, Renin, Amylase)

122. __________ is an enzyme.

(Sucrose, Sucrase, Maltose, Urea)

123. __________ enzyme was first obtained by grinding pancreatic tissue with glycerol.

(Amylase, Urea, Ascorbic Acid Oxidase, Trypsin)

124. The site of the enzyme, which combines with the substrate, and at which transformation from substrate to products occurs, is called he __________.

(Cellular site, Active site, Vacant site, Complex)

125. The main factors, which effect enzyme activity, are __________.

(concentration, temperture and pH, concentration, temperature, pH and co-enzymes, concentration, temperature, pH, co-enzymes (activators and inhibitors) and radiation, co-enzymes, activators and inhibitors)

126. The majority of enzymes are most active at about __________ °C.

(35, 45, 55, all of these)

127. Many enzymes contain a protein part and a non-protein part. The protein part is called the __________.

(Apoenzyme, Coenzyme, Enzyme, none of these)

128. The non-protein part in enzyme is termed as __________.

(Apoenzyme, coenzyme, substrate, all of these)

129. Examples of co-enzymes are __________.

(Vitamins, Compounds derived from vitamins, Vitamins or compounds derived from vitamins, all of these)

130. In organic substances that tend to increase the activity of an enzyme are called __________.

(activators, Inhibitors, Apoenzymes, coenzymes)

131. Magnesium ion is an inorganic activator for the enzyme __________.

(Trypsin, Carbonic anhydrate, Sucrase, Phosphatase)

132. Zinc ion is an activator for the enzyme __________.

(Amulase, Carbonic anhydrase, Renin, Phosphatase)

133. Substances, which tend to decrease the activity of enzyme are called __________.

(Activators, Accelerators, Inhibitors, Retarders)

134. Enzymes are generally inactivated rapidly by exposure to __________.

(Ultraviolet light, b-rays, g-rays, X-rays, all of these)

Chapter 11

Chemical Industries in Pakistan

1. The substances added to the soil to provide one or more nutrient elements essential for plants growth are called __________.

(Growth hormones, Minerals, Fertilizers, Salts)

2. The substances added to the soil in very small amounts (about 6 grams to 200 grams per acre) are called __________.

(Macronutrients, Micronutrients, Fertilizers, none of these)

3. Fertilizers are classified into __________.

(two major categories, three major categories, four major categories, none of these)

4. Natural fertilizers are materials derived from __________.

(plants, animals, algae, all of these)

5. A natural fertilizer provide about __________ kg of nitrogen.

(4.5, 3.2, 2.2, 1.5)

6. A natural fertilizer provides __________ kg of P2O5.

(4.5, 3.2, 2.2, 1.5) A

7. A natural fertilizer provides __________ kg of potash (K2O).

(4.5, 3.2, 2.2, 1.5)

8. The percentage of nitrogen in ammonia is __________%.

(32, 55, 82, 25)

9. The percentage of nitrogen in ammonium Nitrate is __________%.

(32-33.5, 50-55, 80-82, 20-25)

10. The percentage of nitrogen in ammonium sulphate is __________%.

(27, 21, 23, 19)

11. The percentage of sulphur in ammonium sulphate is __________%.

(25, 21, 23, 19)

12. The percentage of nitrogen in Urea is __________%.

(37, 50, 46, 82)

13. Ammonia when used directly as a fertilizer is to be injected about __________ under the surface to keep it from seeping out.

(2 inches, 4 inches, 6 inches, 8 inches)

14. Ammonium nitrate is sold as a mixture with __________.

(Soda Ash, Limestone, Zinc, None of these)

15. The percentage of nitrogen in Diammonium hydrogen phosphate is __________%.

(16, 48, 32, 64)

16. The percentage of P2O5 in diammonium hydrogen phosphate is __________%.

(16, 32, 48, 64)

17. A fertilizer; potassium chloride is sold as __________.

(Muriate of potash, Mixture of potash, Potency of potash, none of these)

18. The percentage of K2O in potassium chloride is __________%.

(60-63, 50-70, 40-80, 30-90)

19. Potassium sulphate with 48% to 52% potash, is made from __________.

(Potassium Phosphate, Potassium Chloride, Potassium Nitrate, none of these)

20. __________ is preferred for horticultural crops and for tobacco and potatoes.

(Potassium chloride, Potassium sulphate, Potassium Nitrate None of these)

21. __________ is used for fruits, vegetables and tobacco.

(Potassium chloride, Potassium sulphate, Potassium Nitrate None of these)

22. Any material, which changes the cleaning effect of water, is called __________.

(Fertilizers, Detergent, Acid none of these)

23. __________ are sodium and potassium salt of long chain fatty acids.

(Soaps, Detergents, Fertilizers, None of these)

24. __________ contain sodium or potassium salts of aryl or alkly sulphonated acids as one of their constituents.

(Soaps, Detergents, Fertilizers, none of these)

25. Soap is a surfactant of the type __________.

(anionic, cationic, nonionic, none of these)

26. __________ is best in its cleaning action.

(Soap, Detergents, Surfactant, None of these)

27. Hydrolytic reaction of fat with caustic soda is known as __________.

(Esterification, Saponification, Acetylation, Carboxylation)

28. Turpentine is obtained from __________.

(Oak tree, Pine tree, Birch tree, Lemon tree)

29. __________ surfactants perform well over a wide range of water hardness and pH.

(Anionic, Cationic, Nonionic, none of these)

30. Fats and oils are __________.

(Acids, alcohols, salts, none of these)

31. Washing soap can be prepared by saponification with alkali of __________ of the following oil.

(Rose oil, Paraffin oil, Groundnut oil, Kerosene oil)

32. Commercial detergents contain mainly __________.

(RCOON, RONa, RSNa, ROSO3Na)

33. Sodium tripolyphosphate is __________.

(a surfactant, a builder, a auxiliary agent, none of these)

34. In glass or vitreous state solid the atoms are arranged in __________.

(Regular fashion, Random fashion, Linear fashion, none of these)

35. Glass was first made by about __________.

(40BC, 400BC, 4000BC, none of these)

36. The number of glass products now manufactured is __________.

(25,000, 50,000, 75,000, none of these)

37. The substance that can form the glassy, non-crystalline structure is called __________.

(Formers, Fluxes or modifiers, Stabilizers, none of these)

38. The principle former of almost all glasses is __________.

((SiO2)n, (SiO3)n, (SiO2)X, none of these)

39. Chemical compounds, which are added to reduce the reactivity of glass, are called __________.

(Formers, Modifiers, Stabilizers, none of these)

40. __________ is used as stabilizer.

(Ca2O, SiO2, Na2O, none of these)

41. In glass making the whole combination of ingredients is called a __________.

(Gangue, Batch, Mixture, none of these)

42. The melting of nearly all glass is done in a continuous tank furnace, which operates steadily over periods of up to __________.

(a day, a month, a year, none of these)

43. __________ is a heat-treatment cycle that prevents glass from harmful stress.

(Forming, Annealing, Batching, none of these)

44. __________ is used for Annealing.

(Klin, Batch, Converter, Oven)

45. The main constituents of __________ are boron oxide and silica.

(Pyrex glass, Soda-lime glass, Low silica glass, Fibrous glass)

46. In Pakistan how many units are involved in the production of glass __________.

(20, 25, >25, none of these)

47. In Pakistan the total production of glass is over __________ tons per year.

(800, 8000, 80,000, none of these)

48. Asbestos is a __________.

(Mineral fibre, Animal fibre, Vegetable fibre, none of these)

49. __________ is the fibre in which the basic polymer (fibre forming substance) is a long chain composed of least 85% by weight of Acrylonitrile units.

(Acrylic Fibre, Modacrylic fibre, Polyster fibre, Rayon Fibre)

50. The fibre, which has less than 85% but more than 35% proportion by weight, of acrylonitrile units is called __________.

(Acrylic fibre, Modacrylic fibre, Polyster fibre, Rayon fibre)

51. __________ is the fibre in which the fibre-forming substance is a long chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of an ester of a dihydric alcohol and terephthalic acid.

(Acrylic fibre, Modacrylic fibre, Polyster fibre, Rayon fibre)

52. __________ is a fibre composed of regenerated cellulose in which substituents have replaced nor more than 15% of the hydrogen of the hydroxyl group.

(Acrylic fibre, Modacrylic fibre, Polyster fibre, Rayon fibre)

53. __________ compound contains cellulose acetate as fibre forming substance.

(Acrylic fibre, Modacrylic fibre, Acetate fibre, Rayon fibre)
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