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« on: June 12, 2010, 05:09:43 AM »

Curriculum and Outline of Courses
FOR
M.A. History Part I & Part II Examination
(Revised and Updated 2004)
Department of History
University of the Punjab,
Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Lahore.
2
Inter University Course Curriculum Committee
in the subjects of History and Pakistan Studies
1. Prof. Dr. S. Qalb-i-Abid Chairman Department of History,
University of the Punjab. Lahore.
2. Prof. Dr. Khurram Qadir
Department of History. Bahaudin Zakriya University, Multan.
3. Prof. Dr. Asif Ali Rizvi. Chairman.
Department of History,
Islamia University, Bahawalpur.
4. Prof. Dr. Tahir Kamran Department of History, Government College University. Lahore.
5. Prof. Dr. Sahibzada Abdur Rasool, Department of History, University of Sargodha, Sargodha.
6. Prof. Dr. Massarrat Abid, Director, Pakistan Study Centre,
University of the Punjab, Lahore.
7. Syed Qamar Abbas, Department of History, University of the Punjab. Lahore.
8. Muhammad Iqbal Chawla, Department of History University of the Punjab Lahore.
9. Mr. Ghulam Ghaus
Department of Pakistan Studies
Govt. College University,
Faisalabad
10. Mr. Faraz Anjurn
Department of History,
University of the Punjab, Lahore.
3
M.A. HISTORY PROGRAMME
1. Introduction:
History deals with the record of the past. However, it is not just a plain record but rather the construction, interpretation and evaluation of the past, which is the subject matter of history. As the past, present and the future are inextricably linked, the importance of history cannot be denied. The true dissemination of historical knowledge is therefore a pre-requisite for a nation’s development. That is the reason that from ancient times, the teaching of history at all levels has remained an essential part of the curricula of the Universities. In the University of the Punjab, M.A. History Programme was first introduced in 1933. Since its introduction, three quarters of a century ago, this Programme and its syllabi were modified at different times. However, for a number of years, the need had been felt to completely review the Programme and update it according to the changing needs of the time and according to the modern teaching-learning strategies.
2. Aims and Objectives:
Huh? to cater to the need of the nation to produce the researchers and scholars who can write political, social, economic and intellectual history of the people of Pakistan
Huh? to produce such academics who can teach history in schools, colleges and universities at the graduate and undergraduate levels
3. Pre-Requistes:
A basic knowledge of history is the pre-requisite for joining the Master’s Programme. For this purpose, only those students will be admitted in this Programme who studied History as an elective subject at the graduation level.
4. Teaching Learning Strategies:
Huh? Lectures by the Teacher
Huh? Tutorials, Assignments and Seminars
Huh? Book Reviews
Huh? Group Discussions and Presentations
Huh? A Compulsory Term Paper
5. Evaluation:
There will be internal and external evaluation of the students. The internal evaluation will be based on the following criterion:
Midterm Test: 20%
Send-up Test: 40%
Assignments: 15%
Presentations/Group Discussions: 15%
Attendance: 10%
4
A student will be required to secure at least 50% marks in the internal evaluation in order to qualify for the external evaluation. The Department will issue a formal Certificate of Internal Evaluation to each student reflecting the marks obtained by him/her according to the above mentioned criterion. The external evaluation will be done at the end of the session.
6. Attendance Policy:
75% attendance is compulsory; otherwise a student will not be allowed to sit in the final exam.
5
Curriculum Summary
Curriculum for M.A. HISTORY PART-I
There will be five core courses of 100 marks each.
Marks
Course HIS/501 Early History of Islam 100
Course HIS/502 Research Methodology & Historiography 100
Course HIS/503 State and Society in Muslim India 1206-1707 100
Course HIS/504 Muslim Struggle for Independence 1858-1947 100
Course HIS/505 Government & Politics in Pakistan 1947-1999 100
Total: 500
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« Reply #1 on: June 12, 2010, 05:11:30 AM »

Curriculum for M.A. HISTORY Part-II
There will be five specialized groups of courses and the candidates will select any one of the following groups :
Group ‘A’ History of lndo-Pakistan
Course HIS/601 Ancient India 100
Course HIS/602 Muslim Rule in India (712-1526) 100
Course HIS/603 The Great Mughals (1526-1707) 100
Course HIS/604 Later Mughals & British India(1707-1857) 100
Course HIS/605 The Punjab in Modern Times 100
Group 'B' Islamic History
Course HIS/606 Umayyads and Abbasides 100
Course HIS/607 Muslim Rule in Spain 100
Course HIS/608 The Ottoman Empire (1288-1924) 100
Course HIS/609 Central Asia 100
Course HIS/610 Contemporary Middle East 100
Group 'C’ Western History
Course HIS/611 Early Modern Europe (1453-1789) 100
Course HIS/612 Modern Europe (1789-1919) 100
Course HIS/613 History of England (1688-1919) 100
Course HIS/614 United States after Second World War 100
Course HIS/615 International Relations and Organizations 100
Thesis:
A student with the approval of the Board of Studies in History may opt for writing a thesis in lieu of two courses of the group, he/she has selected. Only those students shall be eligible to apply for theses who have either obtained First Division in B.A. examination or First Division in the subject of history in B.A. examination or got at least 55% marks in M.A. History Part-I Examination. A candidate who is permitted to write thesis shall be required to select his/her topic of research in the area or group she/he has opted for in M.A. Part-II or in any of the courses studied in M.A. Part-I.
6
DETAILED OUTLINE OF COURSES FOR M.A. PART I
COURSE HIS/501 EARLY HISTORY OF ISLAM
1. Brief Description:
This course deals with the period of the emergence and rise of Islam. It focuses on the life of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) and the period of the Pious Caliphate. It also discusses the administrative and intellectual development of the period.
2. Aims & Objectives:
After studying this course, the students will be able to:
Huh? Appreciate the revolutionary changes brought by Islam to the Arabian society
Huh? Develop an insight into the growth and development of a major religion of the world from a historical perspective
Huh? Have an in-depth study of the socio-political thoughts, administrative set-up and intellectual developments of early Islamic period
3. Contents:
Huh? Conditions of Pre-lslamic Arabia:
Geography, Polity, Socio-Economic Conditions, Tribal System, Trade and Commerce, Major Religious Communities, Kingdom of Hira, City State of Mecca.
Huh? Life of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him):
Early life, declaration of Nabuwwat, reaction, Hijrat, City State of Medina, Ghazawat, the Conquest of Mecca, the Last Sermon, Transformation of Society, Political and Economic System, Administration of justice, Advancement of education, Learning and scientific approach, Policy towards Non-Muslims, Foreign relations and Military system, Spread of Islam
Huh? Hazrat Abu-Bakar:
Early life, Sacrifices for the cause of Islam, Election as Caliph, Early difficulties, Munkreen-i-Zakat, apostacy, consolidation of the state, conquest of Iraq, foreign policy towards Iran, Syria and Byzantine, compilation of Quran, character and achievements.
Huh? Hazrat Umar bin Khattab :
Early life, servics for Islam, election as Caliph, Expansion and conquests, reforms, character & achievements.
Huh? Hazrat Usman :
Early life, role during the life of Holy Prophet, Hazrat Abu Bakar and Hazrat Umar, election as Caliph, foreign policy and expansion of the state, martyrdom and its consequences, character and achievements.
7
Huh? Hazrat Ali:
Early life, services for the cause of Islam, election as Caliph, early difficulties, relations with Amir Muawiyah, the Kharjites, Hazrat Ali's martyrdom, character and achievements. Imam Hasan as Caliph, his abdication.
Huh? Study of Some Special Personalities:
Study of Hazrat Khadija, Hazrat Fatima, Hazrat Ayesha, Abdullah bin Umar, Abdullah bin Abbas, Abdullah bin Masud, Abu Zarr Ghaffari, Saad bin Waqas, Amr-bin al Ass, Abdur Rehman bin Auf, Abu Obeida bin al Jarrah.
Huh? Political and Administrative Set-up:
Political System under the Pious Caliphate, Central & Provincial Administration, Revenue System, Administration of Justice, Education and advancement of learning, Military system, State of society, Public Welfare works, Policy towards non-Muslims, Expansion and Conquests.
4. Basic Reading:
5. Additional Readings:
Hafiz Ghulam Sarwar
The Holy Prophet.
Nicholson, R.
A Literary History of the Arabs.
Arnold, Sir Thomas
Legacy of Islam
Watts, M.
Muhammad at Madina
—do-
Muhammad at Mecca.
Hussaini, S.A.Q. ..
Arab Administration.
Wellhausan
The Arab Kingdom and its Fall.
Amir Ali, Syed ..
The Spirit of Islam.
—do-
The History of the Saracens.
Levy, R.
Social Structure of Islam.
Syed Hussain Nasr
Science and Civilization in Islam
8
9
COURSE HIS/502 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND HISTORIOGRAPHY
1. Brief Description:
This course focuses on the concept and methodology of history writing. It also orients the students with basic tools and methods of research. It enlightens them with the styles and trends of history writing in ancient, medieval and modern times. It also deals with the basic issues of the philosophy of history.
2. Aims & Objectives:
After studying this course, the students will be able to:
Huh? Do research independently by following research tools and historical methodology.
Huh? Differentiate between pseudo-historical facts—propaganda, glorification etc.—and true historical facts.
Huh? Develop historical consciousness.
3. Contents:
Part-I. Methodology
Huh? History: Its Definition, Meaning and Value
Huh? Nature of History: Science or Art
Huh? Varieties of History
Huh? Research Process
Huh? Concept of Research: Hypothesis, variables, theory
Huh? Data Collection Techniques
Huh? Historical Sources: Documentary & Non Documentary Sources
Huh? Auxiliary Sciences
Huh? Historical Criticism: Internal; External, Textual
Huh? Writing for Historical Research: Technique & Method
Part II. Philosophy of History
Huh? Philosophy of History: Meaning and concept
Huh? Islamic concept of History
Huh? Critical Philosophy of History
Development of the concept of History in ancient, medieval and modern period with special emphasis on the following historians:
• Herodotus
• Thucydides
• Al-Tabari
• Al-Masudi
• Gibbon
• Ranke
Huh? Speculative Philosophy of History
Study of different theories of History in ancient, medieval and modern period with special emphasis on the following:
• Ibn Khaldun
• Vico
• Hegel
• Karl Marx
• Oswald Spengler
10
• Arnold Toynbee
Huh? Modern Trends in History Writing.
4. Basic Readings:
Collingwood, R.G. The Idea of History. New York, 1966.
Stanford, Michael. A Companion to the Study of History. Oxford, 1994.
5. Additional Readings:
Barzun, J. & Graff, H.F. The Modern Researcher. New York, 1963.
Bloc, Marc. Historian’s Craft. Manchester, 1954.
Burke, Peter. New Perspectives on Historical Writings. 1991.
Butterfiled, Herbert. Man on His Past: The Study of the History of Historical Scholarship.1960.
Carr, E.H. What is History? New York 1967.
Childe, Gordon. What is History.
Dees, Robert. Writing the Modern Research Paper. Boston, 1997.
Durant, Will. Lessons of History.
Duri, A. A. Rise of Historical Writing Among the Arabs.
Faruqi, Nisar Ahmed. Early Muslim Historiography, Delhi 1977.
Franz Rosenthal. A History of Muslim Historiography. London.1960.
Gawronski, D.V. History: Meaning & Method. Illinois, 1969.
Hegel, G.W.F. Reason in History. New York. 1953.
Hegel, G.W.F. The Philosophy of History. New York, 1958.
Hubbel, G.S. Writing Term-Papers & Reports. New York 1956.
Ibn Khaldun. Muqaddima: An Introduction to History. New York, 1958.
11
Jaffar, S. M. History of History.
Khalidi, Tarif. Islamic Historiography: Histories of Al Masudi, Albany, 1975.
Langlois, C.V. & Seignbos, C. Introduction to the Study of History. London, 1898.
Mahdi Mohsin. Philosophy of Ibn Khaldun. London, 1957.
Markman, Ten steps in Writing the Research Paper. New York, 1989.
Spengler, Oswald. The Decline of West. London. 1926.
Spickard, Paul. World History by the World Historians. Boston, 1998.
Thompson, J.W. A History of Historical Writing. New York, 1962.
Toynbee, Arnold J. A Study of History. (2 Vols. Abridged Edition by D. C. Somervell) London, 1947.
Turabian . K. L. A Manual for the Writers of Term-Papers, Theses & Dissertations. Chicago, 1973.
Walsh, W.H. An Introduction to Philosophy of History. 1958.
12
COURSE HIS/503 STATE AND SOCIETY IN MUSLIM INDIA (1206-1707)
1. Brief Description:
The course deals with the growth and development of administrative and cultural institutions and policies during the five centuries of Muslim rule in India. It focuses on the politico-administrative system, cultural norms and socio-religious practices of the period.
2. Aims & Objectives:
After completing this course, the students will be able to:
Huh? Appreciate the evolution of modern administrative institutions and socio-political ideals
Huh? Have an insight into working of the medieval state
Huh? Know about the social, economic and cultural norms of the medieval period
3. Contents:
Huh? Evolution and development of Political System.
Huh? Sultan-Padshah: their duties and responsibilities.
Huh? Administration.
Royal Cabinet and Central Administration. Provincial Administration. Local Administration.
Huh? Legal and Judicial System. Muhtasib and Police.
Huh? Economic System: Land Revenue, Taxation, Trade and Commerce
Huh? Military Administration.
The Feudal and the Mansabdari System.
Huh? Religious, and Scientific Education.
Huh? Society and Culture:
Status of Non-Muslims, Literature, Poetry, Architecture, Painting, Calligraphy, Music, Dress, Diet and Sports. Role of Ulema, Chishtia, Suharwardiya, Naqshbandia and Qadaria orders.
4. Basic Readings:
Qureshi, I. H. The Administration of the Sultanate of Delhi.
---------------. The Mughal Administration. Karachi, 1966.
5. Additional Readings:
Aziz Ahmad. Political History and Institutions of the Early Turkish Empire of Delhi.
Basham, A.L. (ed.) A Cultural History of India.
Brown, Percy. Indian Architecture.
------------------. Indian Paintings under the Mughals.
Habib, Mohammad and Afsar Salim Khan. The Political Theory of the Delhi Sultanate.
13
Hussaini, S.A.Q. Mughal Administration.
Ibn Hasan. Central Structure of the Mughal Empire.
Khosla, R.P. Administrative Structure of the Great Mughals.
Mubarak Ali. Mughal Court.
Nath, R. Mughal Architecture.
Sarkar, J.N. Mughal Polity.
Spear and Ikram. Cultural Heritage of Pakistan. Karachi.
Tapan Raichaudhuri & Irfan Habib. The Cambridge Economic History of India.
Topa, Ishwari. Politics in Pre-Mughal Times.
Tripathi, R. P. Rise and fall of Mughal Empire.
14
COURSE HIS/504 MUSLIM STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE
(1858-1947)
1. Brief Description:
The purpose of the course is to discuss political, constitutional, economic and religious struggle of the Muslims of South Asia under the British Raj. After one thousand years’ Muslim rule, India came under the British. Therefore, a triangular struggle ensued after 1857 which culminated in the freedom of India. Hindu-Muslim tangle sharpened to such an extent that the Muslims demanded a separate homeland of Pakistan. The struggle for Pakistan is one of the most complicated, complex and painful era of the Muslims of South Asia. They achieved Pakistan in 1947 but at a very high price of life & property, only because they wished to have an Islamic state.
2. Aims & Objectives:
After completing this course, students will be able to understand:
Huh? origin and outcome of the Muslim struggle for Pakistan
Huh? the role of Muslim leaders such as Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Allama Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam.
Huh? the Two-Nation Theory which is essential to create a sense of Pakistani Nationalism.
3. Contents:
Huh? Aligarh Movement.
Huh? Partition of Bengal.
Huh? Simla Deputation.
Huh? All India Muslim League.
Huh? Khilafat movement
Huh? Simon Report.
Huh? Nehru Report.
Huh? Jinnah’s Fourteen Points.
Huh? Allahabad Address.
Huh? Congress Ministries.
Huh? Lahore Resolution.
Huh? Cripps Proposals.
Huh? Rajagopalachari Formula.
Huh? Wavell Plan.
Huh? Gandhi – Jinnah Talks.
Huh? Cabinet Mission Plan.
Huh? 3rd June Plan.
Huh? The last Viceroy: Lord Mountbatten and the transfer of Power in India
15
4. Basic Readings:
Qureshi, I.H. Struggle for Pakistan. Karachi, 1965.
5. Additional Readings:
Abdul Hamid. Muslim Separatism in India 1858-1947, Oxford University Press, 1967.
Ahmad, Jamil ud Din. Early Phase of Struggle for Pakistan. Middle Phase of Struggle for Pakistan. 3 Vols.
Allama G. Documents of Pakistan Movement. Karachi, 1967.
Aziz,K.K. Making of Pakistan.
---------------. A History of the Idea of Pakistan. 4 Vols.
-----------. Life and Works of Ameer Ali. Lahore, 1968.
Chaudhari Muhammad Ali. Emergence of Pakistan.
Dar, B.A. Religious Thoughts of Sayyid Ahmed Khan, Lahore, 1957.
Keith, A.B. Constitutional History of India. Oxford, 1937.
Pakistan Historical Society. History of Freedom Movement. 3 Vols.
Pirzada, Sharifuddin. Evolution of Pakistan. 1942, 1940, 1939.
Philipps, CH. Select Document on the Evolution of India and Pakistan.
Qalb-i-Abid, Syed. Muslim Politics in Punjab 1921-1947.
--------------------- Jinnah: Second World War and the Pakistan Movement.
--------------------- Muslim Struggle for Independence from Sir Syed Ahmad Khan to Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. (1857-1947)
Shan Muhammad. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, A Political Biography. Lahore, 1976.
Sharif-al-Mujahid. Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. Karachi.
Waheed uz Zaman. Towards Pakistan.
16
COURSE HIS/505 GOVERNMENT & POLITICS IN PAKISTAN (1947-1999)
1. Brief Description:
Pakistan, since its birth, has been facing constant political and constitutional crises, where parliamentary democracy is yet to be established on firm footing. Therefore, it is important to study the constitutional and political developments in Pakistan. The aim of the course is to acquaint the students with the nature and direction of the constitutional and political developments in Pakistan. A special focus shall be on the role of the political leadership and that of military-bureaucratic leadership in the political institutionalization in Pakistan.
2. Aims & Objectives:
After completing this course, the students will be able to:
Huh? Understand the constitutional and political issues and problems and the causes of the dilemma of parliamentary democracy in Pakistan.
Huh? Comprehend the working of the administrative and political machinery
Huh? Analyze the security dilemmas of Pakistan
3. Contents:
Huh? Early Problems of Pakistan.
Huh? Quaid-i-Azam As Governor General.
Huh? Interim Constitutional Set-up.
Huh? Constitution – Making 1947-1956.
Huh? Working of the Constitution of 1956.
Huh? Causes of Martial Law of 1958.
Huh? Ayub Khan’s Era.
Huh? Yahya Khan’s Regime.
• Legal Framework order.
• General Elections 1970.
Huh? Separation of East Pakistan: Causes and Effects.
Huh? Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s Period.
• Major policies and Reforms.
• Anti-Bhutto Movement: Causes of his fall.
Huh? Zia-ul-Haq’s Era.
• Constitutional Measures.
• Political Development.
Huh? Revival of Democracy: 1988-1999.
Huh? Major Political Parties.
• Pakistan Muslim League.
• Pakistan People’s Party.
• Jamat-i-Islami.
• Mutahida Qaumi Movement.
Huh? Foreign Policy.
• Determinants of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy.
• Development of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy.
4.
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« Reply #2 on: June 12, 2010, 05:11:42 AM »

Basic Readings:
Waseem, Muhammad. State and Politics in Pakistan.
17
Rizvi, Hassan Askari. The Military and Politics in Pakistan: 1947-86. Lahore: Progressive Publishers, 1987.
Ziring, Lawrence. Pakistan in the 20th Century: A Political History.
5. Additional Readings:
Afzal, M. Rafique. Political Parties in Pakistan: 1947-58 (3 Vols.) Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and Cultural Research, 1986.
Ahmad, Mushtaq. Government & Politics. Karachi: Space Publishers, 1970.
Aziz, K. K. Party Politics in Pakistan: 1947-58. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical & Cultural Research, 1976.
Binder, Leonard, Religion and Politics in Pakistan. Berkeley: California University Press, 1961.
Callard, Keith. Pakistan: A Political Study. London Allen & Unwin, 1957.
Chaudhary, G.W. Constitutional Development in Pakistan. New York: Institute of Pacific Relations, 1959.
Feldmen, Herbert. A Constitution of Pakistan. London: Oxford University Press, 1967.
Gauhar, Altaf. Ayub Khan: Pakistan’s First Military Rulers. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 1993.
Jahan, Rounaq. Pakistan’s Failure in National Integration. New York: Columbia University Press, 1972.
Jalal, Ayesha. The State of Martial Rule: The Origins of Pakistan’s Political Economy of Defense. Lahore: Vanguard, 1991.
Rizvi, Hassan Askari. The Military and Politics in Pakistan: 1947-86. Lahore: Progressive Publishers, 1987.
Sayeed, Khalid Bin. The Political System of Pakistan. Lahore: National Book Service, 1988.
Ziring, Laurence. Pakistan: The Enigma of Political Development. Boulder: Dowson Western, 1980.
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DETAILED OUTLINE OF COURSES
OF M.A. HISTORY PART II
GROUP A INDO-PAKISTAN HISTORY GROUP
Course HIS/601 Ancient India
1. Brief Description:
The course deals with the pre-Muslim period of Indo-Pakistan history. It deals with the Indus Valley Civilization and its landmarks and then also focuses on the origin and development of three important religions of the world: Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. It also discusses religio-political history and social conditions of the people of this period.
2. Aims & Objectives:
After studying this course, students will be able to:
Huh? Appreciate the achievements of one of the oldest civilization of the world—Indus Valley—and its relevance to today’s world.
Huh? Understand the socio-political and religious conditions of the people.
Huh? Develop a background for the later developments in India.
3. Contents:
Huh? Sources of early Indian History.
Huh? Indus Valley Civilization, Special study of Moenjodaro and Harrapa.
Huh? The Aryan occupation of India, their origin and migration, their society, religion and culture.
Huh? Early Vedic civilization and culture
Huh? The Epic age, The historical value of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
Huh? The Caste system, origin and growth, merits and demerits.
Huh? Jainism. Life and teachings of Mahavira; spready of Jaiinism, Jain Art and culture.
Huh? Buddhism. Hindu society before Gautama, Bhddha, life and teachings of Gautma Buddha, Causes of its spread and decline. Buddhist Art and culture.
Huh? Greek invasion and its impact upon the sub-continent, Greek Art and culture, special study of The Gandhara Art.
Huh? The Mauryan Empire and its administrative system.
Huh? Asoka and the growth of Budhism.
Huh? The Kushana power, Kanishka, Economic conditions and Art, Causes of Downfall.
Huh? The Gupta Empire, (Chandra Gupta, Sumandra Gupta), Golden Age, Art, Literature and science, Hindu Renaissance.
Huh? Harsha Vardhana, Character and administration
Huh? The Huns, their origin and invasion of India.
Huh? Rise of Hindu Shahia power, social, cultural and economic conditions and institutions of Hinduism.
4. Basic Readings:
Basham , A.L. The Wonder that was India.
Smith, V.A. Ancient History of India
19
5. Additional Readings:
Bapat, P.V. 2500 Years of Buddhism
Bury, J.B. & S.A. Cook(eds.) The Cambridge Ancient History
Havell, E.B. The History of Aryan Rule in India.
Hutton, J.H. The Caste in India
Keay, John India Discovered: Recovery of the Lost Civilization
Mackay, Ernest Indus Civilization
Mukerjee, R.K. Men and Thought in Ancient India
Paul-Masson, Oursel Ancient India and Indian civilization
Piggott, Stuart Prehistoric India.
Rapson, E. J. The Cambridge History of India, Vol. I
Sarkar, J.N. India through the Ages.
Smith, V.A. Asoka
Sreen, T.R. and S.R. Baksi Ancient Culture and Civilization
Stein, Burton. A History of India
Trainor, Kevin Buddhism The Illustrated Guide
Tripathi, R.S. History of Ancient India
Veda Vyasa Ancient India
Wheeler, Sir Mortimar Indus Valley Civilization
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Course HIS/602 MUSLIM RULE IN INDIA (712-1526)
1. Brief Description:
The course deals with the foundation of Muslim rule and the political and administrative developments in the Delhi Sultanate. The course also focuses on the political theories of the Sultan, coupled with their administrative styles and socio-religious ideas.
2. Aims & Objectives:
After studying this course, the students will be able to:
Huh? Understand the politics and administration of the Delhi Sultans
Huh? Appreciate the problems faced by the nascent Muslim population in a Hindu dominated region
Huh? Comprehend the political theories and administrative ideals of the Sultans of Delhi
3. Contents:
Huh? Sources:
• Qazi Minhaj Siraj
Tabaqat-e-Nasiri
• Zia ud Din Barani
Tarikh-e-Firuz Shahi
• Amir Khusrau
Khazain-ul-Futuh, Miftah-ul-Futuh, Nuh Sipihr, Tughluq Nama.
• Yahya Bin Ahmad Sirhindi
Tarikh-e-Mubarak Shahi.
• Naimat Ullah Harwi
Makhzan-e-Afghani
• Ibn Battutah
Rahila-i-Ibn Battutah.
Huh? Conquest of Sind, Arab Rule and Administration.
Huh? The Slave Dynasty: Qutb-ud-Din Aibek, Consolidation of Muslim power under Iltutmish, his character, achievements; Razia Sultana, Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud; Balban: his theory of Kingship and principles of Government, Mongol invasions, administrative reforms and estimate of Balban.
Huh? The Khaljis: Khalji Revolution and its significance, Jalal-ud-Din Khalji: conquests, achievements and character. Ala ud Din Khalji: conquests, Mongol policy; Military and Civil administration, economic reforms, Deccan Policy, his viewes regarding state and religion; character and estimate. Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak Shah. Khusrau Khan and end of the Khalji dynasty.
Huh? The Tughluqs: Ghias-ud-Din Tughluq: consolidation of the Sultanate, reforms, character, causes of his death. Muhammad Bin Tughluq: His projects, religious views and relations with Ulema and Mashaikh, conquests, views of the contemporary writers, his estimate. Firuz Shah: Administrative reforms, rebellions, his estimate as a man and as a King. Disintegration of the Tughluq dynasty. Amir Timur's Invasion and its Impact.
21
Huh? The Sayyids: The Political conditions in Indo-Pakistan in the early fifteenth century, Khizr Khan and his efforts to establish himself, character. Mubarak Shah and his achievements, fall of the Sayyid dynasty.
Huh? The Lodhis: Early career of Bahlul Lodhi, his struggle with Sharqi dynasty of Jaunpur, conquests, an estimate; Sikandar Lodhi and the consolidation of the Delhi Sultanate, administrative reforms and his estimate. Ibrahim Lodhi, his conflict with Umara, his character; first Battle of Panipat;
Huh? Causes of the downfall of the Delhi Sultanate. Relations of the Delhi Sultans with the Abbasid Caliphate; Mongol invasions and their impact; Socio-economic conditions,.
Huh? Administration and Culture: Central and provincial administration; judicial system; Army Organization, Economic System; Trade and Commerce, Art and Architecture, Literature, Education, Relations of Delhi Sultans with non-Muslims; the role of Sufis of Chistia and Suharwardiya orders during the Sultanate period.
4. Basic Reading:
Aziz Ahmad , Muhammad. The Political History and Institutions of the Early Turkish Empire of Delhi.
Haig, Wolseley (ed.) Cambridge History of India Vol. III.
5. Additional Readings:
Ashraf, K.M. Life and Conditions of the People of Hindustan.
Habibullah, A.B.M. The Foundation of Muslim Rule in India.
Hardy, P. Historians of Medieval India.
Hasan, Agha Mehdi. The Tughluq Dynasty.
Ikram, S.M. History of Muslim Civilization.
Lal, K. S. History of the Khaljis.
Mirza, Waheed. Life and Works of Amir Khursau.
Nazim, Muhammad. Mahmud of Ghazna.
Qureshi, I.H. The Administration of the Sultanate of Delhi.
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Course HIS/603 The Great Mughals (1526-1707)
1. Brief Description:
The course focuses on an in-depth study of the Mughal rule. The policies pursued by different monarchs and their impact will be dealt with in detail. This course will also discuss the administrative and cultural advancements made during the Mughal rule.
2. Aims & Objectives:
After studying this course, the students will be able to:
Huh? Understand the nature of politics and administration of the Mughals
Huh? Comprehend the political theories and administrative ideals of the Mughal Emperors
Huh? Appreciate the nature and significance of revivalist movements during the Mughal Era
3. Contents:
Huh? Sources:
• Tuzuk-i-Baburi by Babur.
• Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh by Abdul Qadir Badayuni.
• Akbar Nama by Abul Fazl.
• Iqbal Nama-i-Jahangiri by Mutamad Khan
• Padshah Nama by Abdul Hamid Lahori.
• Ma'asir-i-Alamgiri by Muhammad Saqi Mustaid Khan.
Huh? BABUR:
His career in Central Asia, His rivals: Shaibani Khan, Ubaidullah Uzbek; social, economic and political conditions of the Indo-Pakistan sub-continent on the eve of Babur's invasion, the First Battle of Panipat. and its significance, his other conquests in India, his character, study of Tuzuk-i-Baburi.
Huh? HAMAYUN :
His difficulties, relations with Rajputs, wars with Bahadur Shah and Sher Khan, battles of Chausa and Qanauj, exile and re-conquest of India, relations with the Safavids, his literary taste and character.
Huh? SHER SHAH & HIS SUCCESSORS:
Sher Shah; rise to power, his conquests, reforms and administration, his character;
Islam Shah Suri: his character and achievements. Causes of the downfall of the Suri dynasty.
Huh? AKBAR :
His early life, second Battle of Panipat and its significance, re-establishment of the Mughal rule, Petticoat government, his difficulties in the North West, his conquests, policy towards the Deccan States; Relations with the Rajputs, his religious views, Din-i-llahi or Tauhid-i-Ilahi, reaction by the Ulema and Mashaikh like Mujaddid Alf-i-Sani, Abdul Haq Muhaddis
23
Delhavi and others, Mahdavi Movement. His relations with the Portuguese; Administrative Reforms, his estimate.
Huh? JAHANGIR :
Early life; His accession; Nur Jahan and her Junta; relations with the Safavids and the problems of Qandahar, conquests in Bengal, Mewar and Kangra; relations with Rajputs. Campaigns in the Deccan, his literary taste and other habits, revolts of Khurram and Mahabat Khan, his character, study of Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri.
Huh? SHAH JAHAN :
Early life, rebellions of Khan Jahan Lodi, Jujhar Singh, Jagat Singh, Conquests, attitude towards the Portuguese; relations with Rajputs, Mughal-Safavid relations, Central Asian policy; his Deccan Policy, his study as an engineer King; administrative reforms, his character and estimate; war of succession between his sons. A detailed study of Dara Shikoh.
Huh? AURANGZEB :
His career as prince, his religious views, measures taken to enforce Shari'at, attitude towards non-Muslims; administrative reforms; relations with Rajputs, Sikhs and the Marathas, his Deccan Policy, relations with Foreign Muslim Governments, Mughal-Safavid relations, conquests, the Afghan Revolt; revolts of the Jats and Satnamis, his attitude towards the Portuguese and the English, his character and estimate of his achievements.
4. Basic Reading:
Haig, Wolseley (ed.) Cambridge History of India Vol. IV.
Richards, J.P. The Mughal Empire.
5. Additional Readings:
Akbar. Muhammad. Punjab under the Mughals.
Ali, Zulfiqar. Sher Shah.
Faruki, Zaheer ud Din. Aurangzeb and his times.
Findly, E. B. Nur Jahan: Empress of Mughal India.
Ghori, I.A. War of Succession between the Sons of Shah Jahan.
Ikram, S.M. History of Muslim Civilization in India and Pakistan.
Khan, Yar Muhammad. Iranian influence in Mughal India.
----------------------------. The Deccan Policy of the Mughals.
Lamb, Harold Babur, The Tiger.
Prasad, Beni. History of Jahangir.
Qanungo, Sher Shah
Rahim, M.A. History of the Afghans in India.
Saksena, B.P. History of the Shah Jahan of Delhi.
Sarkar, J. N. History of Aurangzeb.
24
Smith, V.A. Akbar, the Great Mughal.
Williams, Rushbrook. An Empire Builder of the Sixteenth Century.
25
Course HIS/604 Later Mughals & British India (1707-1857)
1. Brief Description:
The course deals with the period of decline of the Mughal Empire. The causes of the downfall and the resultant institutional breakdown have been discussed. However, it also focuses on the new regional and foreign powers which were expanding their influence. The Muslim revivalist and resistance movements have also been highlighted in this course.
2. Aims & Objectives:
After completing this course, the students will be able:
Huh? Comprehend the dynamics and complexities of Mughal downfall
Huh? Understand the ways and means of colonial and regional powers to establish their rule
Huh? Analyze the causes of failure of revivalist and resistance movements
3. Contents:
Huh? Sources:
• Khafi Khan Muntakhib-ul-Lubab
• Muqarrab Khan Bahadur Shah Nama
• Muhammad Qasim Ibrat Ibrat Nama
• Muhammad Ali Panipati Tarikh-I-Muzaffari
• Khair-ud-Din Allahabadi Ibrat Nama
• Ghulam Husain Tabatabai Siyarul Mutakhirin
Huh? Imperial Politics of the Mughals 1707-1857
Huh? Theories of Mughal Downfall
• Degeneration of Muslim Character
• Factional Feuds of Mughal Nobility
• Crisis of Mansabdari System
• Great Firms and Financial Upheaval
• British Technological Superiority
Huh? Growth of Independent and Semi-Independent States
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